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Sahara sand viper venom

Sahara Sand Viper (Cerastes vipera) ReptileTalk NE

  1. Sahara Sand Viper. (Cerastes vipera) Cerastes vipera is a venomous viper species. A short but stocky body the Cerastes vipera is the smallest of its genus. Females are larger than males. Cerastes vipera has a broad, triangular head with small eyes set well forward and situated on the junction of the side and the top of the head
  2. The Saharan Sand Viper is a small snake of around 30 cm with a maximum size of around 50 cm. They are nocturnal and actively hunt at night. During the day this snake hides under bushes or buried in the sand. This species feeds on lizards and geckos that it ambushes from a buried position in the sand, with only the eyes sticking out above the sand
  3. Cerastes Vipera venom supplier Sahara sand viper venom supplier Avicenna viper venom supplier (Linnaeus, 1758 - latest Joger, 1984) Certificate by WHO Lab accredite
  4. The Saharan horned viper's venom is a cocktail of 13 different toxins. A bite results in swelling, haemorrhaging (excessive blood loss), necrosis (tissue death), nausea, vomiting, and haematuria (blood in urine). 8.) It is surmised that it was a horned viper that aided in Cleopatra's suicide
  5. Horned Viper , Desert Viper , African Desert Horned Viper , Egyptian Sand Viper , Sahara Horned Viper , Sahara Sand Viper , Hornviper , Greater Cerastes Viper , Saharan Horned Viper , Desert Horned Viper Average Venom Qty 40 to 70 mg ( dry weight ), Minton (1974) ( Ref : R000504 )

Saharan Sand Viper - African Snakebite Institut

Cerastes cerastes, commonly known as the Saharan horned viper or the desert horned viper, is a venomous species of viper native to the deserts of northern Africa and parts of the Arabian Peninsula and Levant.It often is easily recognized by the presence of a pair of supraocular horns, although hornless individuals do occur. Three subspecies have been described Abstract. Background: The desert horned vipers (Cerastes cerastes and C. gasperettii) are the most familiar snakes of the great deserts of North Africa and the Middle East, including the plains of Iraq.They are responsible for many human snake bites. In Western countries, they are popular among exotic-snake keepers. Aim: To investigate mechanisms of life-threatening envenoming and treatment

Cerastes vipera, common names Sahara sand viper and Avicenna viper, is a venomous viper species endemic to the deserts of North Africa and the Sinai Peninsula. No subspecies are currently recognized. Description. C. vipera, neonate. Adults average 20-35 cm (8-14 inches) in total length (body + tail), with a maximum total length of 50 cm (1.6. 30-60 cm. The Saharan horned viper is a venomous snake native to the deserts of northern Africa and parts of the Middle East. It often is easily recognized by the presence of a pair of supraocular horns, although hornless individuals also occur. The color pattern of these snakes consists of a yellowish, pale grey, pinkish, reddish or pale. The effects of the venom of the Sahara sand viper (Cerastes vipera) were studied on isolated chick biventer cervicis, isolated rat atria and vas deferens preparations, and on the electrocardiogram of anaesthetized rats. Effects on 3H-noradrenaline uptake were studied using rat brain synaptosomes. At 50 micrograms/ml and 100 micrograms/ml, the. The effects of the venom of the Sahara sand viper (Cerastes vipera) were studied on isolated chick biventer cervicis, isolated rat atria and vas deferens preparations, and on the electrocardiogram of anaesthetized rats.Effects on 3 H-noradrenaline uptake were studied using rat brain synaptosomes. At 50 μg/ml and 100 μg/ml, the venom caused a transient increase in rate and force of.

The effects of the venom of the sand viper (Cerastes cerastes) on haematological and cardiovascular parameters and on isolated ileum, trachea, pulmonary artery and atrium from the guinea-pig were studied. In concentrations from 0.2 micrograms/ml to 0.6 mg/ml, snake venom caused concentration-depende The horned viper venom isn't very toxic and a sting while not usually deadly, can still have some severe consequences. victims could be saved. In the Arabian Peninsula, the species occurs in southwestern Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Kuwait and parts of Qatar. That is improbable, although there are reports of this species being found in Lebanon. YouTube

Characterization of a potent platelet aggregation inducer from Cerastes cerastes (Egyptian sand viper) venom. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology 1995 , 1250 (1) , 97-109 T. M. Robertson Frog . Sand viper is a term used to describe three different breeds of desert snakes. The first is Vipera ammodytes, more commonly known as the nose-horned viper.Next is Cerastes vipera, also known as the avicenna viper or Sahara viper.Third is heterodon, also referred to as a hog-nosed snake. The ammodytes and vipera species are highly venomous, while the heterodon is harmless It, however, did not inhibit platelet aggregation induced by other agonists, such as collagen, platelet activation factor, arachidonic acid, ADP and cerestocytin, a TLE from Cerastes vipera (Sahara sand viper) venom. Bothrojaracin inhibited the binding of 125 I-labelled α-thrombin to platelets Cerastes cerastes Horned Desert Viper Cerastes vipera Sahara Sand Viper (hornless) 20. SAIMR SCORPION ANTIVENOM(Equine) South African Antivenom Parabuthus Species Scorpion 21. ANTISERUM ASIAN POLYVALENT (Equine) India Antivenom Naja naja Indian Cobra Bungarus caeruleus Common/Blue krait Vipera russelli Russell's viper The Desert Horned Viper can deliver a bite that - while not usually fatal - can have serious consequences. The venom, according to a report published in the Oxford Journal of Medicine, has more than 13 different toxins—a witch's brew of poisons that may vary in mix by geographical location within the reptile's range. It causes.

Sahara Sand Viper (Cerastes vipera) A small viper, growing up to 49 cm (Flower, 1933), but mostly between 30 and 35 cm in most cases. Females are significant larger and stouter than males. Scales strongly keeled, which gives a more rough and rugose appearance in contrast to Cerastes cerastes. Three, sometimes four scales between the eye and the. Ta:lnon, VoL 19, pp. 73413. 0041-0101/81/0101-0073 502.00/ O Perpmon Prea Ltd. 1981. Printed in Great Britain. PROTEASES OF CERASTES CERASTES (EGYPTIAN SAND VIPER) AND CERASTES VIPERA (SAHARA SAND VIPER) SNAKE VENOMS* RAMZY S. LABIB, EzzAT R. AWAD' and NAGT W. FARAGt (Accepted for publication 3 April 1980) R. S. LABIB (Illustration: Horned Viper Cerastes Cerastes Portrait by Michael & Patricia Fogden) This is one fascinating snake! The desert horned viper is primarily found in the Sahara desert in North Africa. Over each eye is a long horn that looks like an. The effects of the venom of the Sahara sand viper (Cerastes vipera) were studied on isolated chick biventer cervicis, isolated rat atria and vas deferens preparations, and on the electrocardiogram of anaesthetized rats. Effects on 3H-noradrenaline uptake were studied using rat brain synaptosomes. At 50 micrograms/ml and 100 micrograms/ml, the venom caused a transient increase in rate and force.

The Cerastes cerastes snake, commonly named as the Saharan horned viper or also the horned desert viper, it's one of the venomous viper that belongs to the Viperidae family, native to North Africa and some parts of the Middle East deserts. The Cerastes cerastes snake is easy to recognize by the existence of two horns over supraocular Visit Viperkeeper on Facebook for news & exclusive content: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Viperkeeper/156984027682678NEW!! Visit the official Viperkeeper me..

SAHARA SAND VIPER Cerastes vipera Sandy and scrub desert areas SAW-SCALED VIPER Echis carinatus Barren, rocky, and sandy desert areas, scrub forests, All snake venom has both neurotoxins and hemotoxins in it, but some snakes have more neurotoxic venom and others have more hemotoxic venom. Antivenin, which can treat. Sahara horned vipers are generally even-tempered snakes, but they are capable of administering toxic venom if threatened. When disturbed, the snake produces a hissing and crackling sound from the shaking and rubbing of its coils, and does so as a warning before striking Temperature dependence i. Optimum temperature is 45 degrees Celsius.1 Publication. Manual assertion based on experiment in i. Ref.1. Characterization of cerastobin, a thrombin-like enzyme from the venom of Cerastes vipera (Sahara sand viper). Farid T.M., Tu A.T., El-Asmar M.F This pit viper (subfamily Crotalinae) has small horns above each eye, possibly to keep sand from covering the eyes when the snake is buried. It is a nocturnal inhabitant of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico (see Sonoran Desert), where it feeds upon rodents. Adults average slightly more than 50 cm (20 inches) but can attain. Niedrige Preise, Riesen-Auswahl. Kostenlose Lieferung möglic

The Saharan Horned Viper is a small snake of around 30 cm with a maximum size of around 50 cm. They are nocturnal and actively hunt at night. During the day this snake hides under bushes or buried in the sand. The large prominent horns above the eyes are characteristic for the species. The venom of these snakes is not well known, but causes. (Cerastes vipera) Sahara sand viper wasp-milk reblogged this from exotic-venom and added: I'm gonna add more pictures because they're adorable, I didn't know these existed ; dragoncrowns liked this . exotic-venom reblogged this from exotic-venom. live-plt liked this.

Pin on reptiles & anphibianshorned vipers in the sand Stock Photo: 24631757 - Alamy

Cerastes Vipera venom supplier l Sahara sand viper venom

The Saharan Horned Viper - Critter Scienc

The Sand Viper is the most dangerous known snake on the Sarvonian continent.Even if it is most commonly only found in the desert of Rahaz-Dath, some very few cases have been reported of some Sand Vipers being found in the nearby Narfost Plain as well. Besides being very poisonous the Sand Viper is also one of Sarvonia's most beautiful reptiles, it has a beautiful yellow hide covered with. Saw scaled viper can be fierce sometimes, and they can strike anytime after the sizzling and hissing. The venom of the snake is very venomous obviously due to the number of hemotoxins and cytotoxins in the venom. Most victims of saw-scaled viper are bitten at night because it is the time when this cutie is active Low molecular weight factor X activator from Cerastes vipera (Sahara sand viper) venom. Toxicon. 1993; 31:1007-1017. [Google Scholar] Franssen JH, Janssen-Claessen T, Van Dieijen G. Purification and properties of an activating enzyme of blood clotting factor X from the venom of Cerastes cerastes. Biochim Biophys Acta..

Cerastes cerastes - Wikipedi

Saharan Sand Viper - African Snakebite Institutedesert horned viper sand - HD Desktop Wallpapers | 4k HD

Life-threatening envenoming by the Saharan horned viper

Horned viper is a type of venomous, terrestrial snake that is native to North Africa and Middle East. This snake inhabits stony deserts and semi-arid habitats on the altitude of up to 4900 feet. Horned vipers are ecologically important because they keep number of rodents under control. Habitat destruction, pollution, over-collecting (due to venom) and introduction of new species negatively. The effects of the venom of the Sahara sand viper (Cerastes vipera) were studied on isolated chick biventer cervicis, isolated rat atria and vas deferens preparations, and on the electrocardiogram of anaesthetized rats. Effects on 3H-noradrenaline uptake were studied using rat brain synaptosomes. At 50 μg/ml and 100 μg/ml, the venom caused a. Its oversized hooves make the addax adept at moving through the Sahara's loose sand. the scorpion's venom is as toxic as that of a cobra. the sand-colored horned viper conceals itself. If pursued by a predator, it disappears into the sand with great speed. Its bite is seldom fatal to humans because of the snake's small size and relatively weak venom. The smaller Sahara sand viper (C. vipera) is similar in appearance and habits but lacks horns above the eyes. Both species are oviparous—that is, they are egg layers.

Platelet aggregation activating toxins act by binding to platelet receptors as well as to their ligands. Until now, one ligand and five platelet receptors have been described to be activated by venom proteins: - von Willebrand Factor (vWF) is a large glycoprotein that is released from endothelial cells in blood plasma as well as from platelets. Under high shear stress conditions, it promotes. Afaacytin, an alphabeta-fibrinogenase from Cerastes cerastes (Horned Viper) Venom, Activates Purified Factor X and Induces Serotonin Release from Human Blood Platelets. European Journal of Biochemistry 1995 , 233 (3) , 756-765 The venom of the desert horned viper is a cytotoxin that attacks and breaks down cell walls, but is considerably less toxic to humans than the venom of many other snakes in the same geographic area. The desert horned viper, Cerastes cerastes, is a venomous snake from the deserts of northern Africa and not found in the Mojave Desert The desert horned viper and Sahara sand viper live in the Sahara and the Sinai Peninsula, while the Arabian horned viper lives in the Middle East and the Arabian Desert. The name pit viper refers to heat-seeking pits on their heads, which help them sense their prey

Cerastes vipera - Wikipedi

Wildlife in the Libyan Sahara desert, animals, insects and plants of the Libyan Sahara, fauna and flora of the African Sahara; singing and musical sand dunes; snakebite and scorpion sting kits, what they contain and their use, anti venom kits The Sahara Sand Viper or the Avicenna viper, Cerastes vipera, is endemic to the deserts of North Africa and the Sinai Peninsula. Adults average 20-35 cm in total length with a maximum total length of 50 cm. Females are larger than males The typical length for your horned viper is all about 12 to 24 inches (30-60 cm) but may attain 33 inches (85 cm). These snakes have a strong body, narrow throat a milder mid-body segment and tapering tail which might have a dark tip. There is A sexual dimorphism current with females with eyes and heads compared to men, however, females are. Blood coagulation cascade activating toxin. The blood coagulation cascade (Fig.1) is a series of reactions, in which a zymogen (inactive enzyme precursor) of a serine protease and its glycoprotein co-factor are activated and then catalyze the next reaction in the cascade, ultimately resulting in cross-linked fibrin. The coagulation factors are.

The Sahara Sand Viper (Cerastes vipera) is mainly found in sandy soil and eats rodents, lizard and bird prey. They hunt at night only. They are mainly active when the temperature is really high. The female ones are generally larger than the males. They all grow between 8-14 inches and sometimes have horns over each eye. Interesting Facts Characterization of cerastobin, a thrombin-like enzyme from the venom of Cerastes vipera (Sahara sand viper). Farid TM, Tu AT, el-Asmar MF. Biochemistry, 28(1):371-377, 01 Jan 1989 Cited by: 27 articles | PMID: 253986 SAN DIEGO - A San Diego Zoo wildlife care specialist is expected to make a full recovery after being bitten by a venomous snake earlier this week, according to the zoo.. The staffer, who was not.

Saharan Horned Viper - Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures on

Common names: Saharan horned viper, Sahara horned viper, horned desert viper. Cerastes cerastes is a venomous viper species native to the deserts of Northern Africa and parts of the Middle East. They are ore often easily recognized by the presence of a pair of supraocular horns, although hornless individuals do occur. No subspecies are currently recognized FIa, a factor X activator, was isolated from the venom of Daboia russellii siamensis (Myanmar) after a series of chromatographic separations. FIa displayed procoagulant activity by shortening plasma recalcification time and converted human factor X (FX) to activated human factor X (FXa) by cleaving the heavy FX chain, possibly at the Arg51-Ile52 peptide. FIa was positive in a glycoprotein. 8 mars 2014 - Cette épingle a été découverte par Trudi Foxcroft. Découvrez vos propres épingles sur Pinterest et enregistrez-les This camouflage helps it hide from predators and hunt lizards, small non-flying birds, and other small mammals. It hides in the sand and waits to ambush prey. The horned viper's venom consists of 13 different toxins, but not immediatly lethal. The horned viper moves by sidewinding. Sidewinding helps these snakes move across loose sand.

Some pharmacological studies on the effects of Cerastes

For mice, the desert horned viper has the most potent venom of any snake in the Sahara; however, bites from saw-scaled vipers or Nubian cobras are often more serious for people. Desert Horned Viper. The most common venomous snakes in the Sahara -- and the only ones likely to be encountered in the sand dunes -- are desert horned vipers (Cerastes. EFFECT OF THE EGYPTIAN SAHARA SAND VIPER VENOM ON HUMAN BREAST CANCER: AN IN VITRO STUDY: Article 13, Volume 49, Issue 3, Autumn 2019, Page 589-598 PDF (542.7 K): Document Type: Original Article: DOI: 10.21608/jesp.2019.68062 Author It turns out that the Sahara sand viper, a foot-and-a-half-long venomous snake endemic to North Africa and the Sinai Peninsula, kind of likes to do the same thing. Although the ultimate purpose of. A Transcaucasian Sand Viper Snake Bite can result in fatalities due to systemic envenomation (venom injection through a bite) in the absence of treatment. The signs and symptoms of Transcaucasian Sand Viper Snake Bite may include (at the bite site) pain and swelling, skin discoloration, and tissue destruction

The Snake venom database (SVDB) contains information on venomous snakes, their venom compositions and functions.It includes different toxins like Cardiotoxins,Neurotoxins,Myotoxin,Cytotoxin. Resources and Tools used for venom allpications. Taxonomy of venomous snake families under taxonomy menu The snake species are as follows, from left to right: A) fear-eliciting snakes: Sahara sand viper, Sochurek's saw-scaled viper and Gaboon viper. (B) disgust-eliciting snakes: Eurasian blind snake. Cerastes vipera is a high specialized sand dunes dweller and therefore restricted to the sand dunes (Erg) of the Sahara. In the southwest of Morocco and in Western Sahara it also lives in coastal dunes, like in the Khnifiss Lagoon. Pure sand dunes are avoided, Cerastes vipera prefers depressions with some vegetation, where it hides below small bushes or at the edge of Halfah or Esparto Grass. 8. Puff Adder . The puff adder (Bitis arietans) is a highly venomous species of viper found throughout Africa with the exception of the Sahara Desert region and the African rainforests.These snakes produce a cytotoxic venom and as per research, if left untreated, about 100 milligrams of the puff adder venom is sufficient to kill adult human males within 25 hours post-bite

Cerastes vipera are epically adorable

The Arabian Sand Viper (Cerastes gasperettii) is an adult size of a sand viper averages 20-35 cm (8-14 inches) in total length (body + tail), with a maximum total length of 50 cm (1.6 ft. (Adapted from: Snake Venom Poisoning, pages 15-20, by Dr. Findlay E. Russell. New York: Scholium International, Inc., 1983) Eyelash viper Horned viper Sahara sand viper Saw-scaled viper Saw-scaled/Arabian viper Palestine/Persian horned viper Long-nosed viper Asp viper European viper Two children, ages 2 and 4 years, envenomed by the snake Cerastes vipera are presented. Both children suffered from local pain and swelling of the hand that spread up to the shoulder in the 2-year-old and up to the elbow in the 4-year-old. A hemorrhagic blister was noted on the bitten finger in the younger patient. Urinary retention, tachycardia, and a slight prolongation of prothrombin time.

Effects of sand viper (Cerastes cerastes) venom on

Saharan sand viper / Cerastes vipera. r. animal desert sahara viper cerastes sand snake syria africa african algeria blooded camouflaged cold cryptic danger dangerous egypt fauna israel morocco north predator reptile saharan terrestrial tunisia venom venomous Green bush viper. This snake can be yellow, red, or bright green. That's why it is sometimes known as the variable bush viper. It is found in west and central Africa, south of the Sahara desert. Its scales are keeled and pointed, creating a spiky physical appearance. African bush viper venom is hemotoxic, which destroys red blood cells Patlak M (March 2004). From viper's venom to drug design: treating hypertension. FASEB J. 18 (3): 421. doi:10.1096/fj.03- Captopril, the first ACE inhibitor, is a functional and structural analog of a peptide derived from the venom of the jararaca, Jenny Bryan for The Pharmaceutical Journal, 17 April 2009 From snake venom to ACE inhibitor - the discovery and rise of a Brazilian.

Horned Viper is a large, venomous snake that found in desert habitats of Northern and Eastern Africa. They are easily identified by the two horns above their eyes. Horned vipers have heavy body and length up to 2 feet. This venomous desert snake also has a sand color with dark rectangular patches Vipera aspis viper snake reptile aspic snake snakes viper vipers poison poisonous venom venomous reptile reptiles predator Female asp Viper (Vipera aspis francisciredi) on a metallic grid. asp viper, aspic viper (Vipera aspis), portrait, Switzerland Sahara Sand Viper (Cerastes vipera) waiting to ambush prey at night, half buried under sand.

Amazing Reptiles Inhabiting The Sahara Desert – UniqueAn Exhaustive List of the Animals in the Sahara DesertTop 11 Most Dangerous Desert Animals | Fun Facts You Need

An adult size of a sand viper averages 20-35 cm (8-14 inches) in total length (body + tail), with a maximum total length of 50 cm (1.6 ft). Females are larger than males The deathstalker scorpion can grow up to 4 inches long and has venom which contains large amounts of agitoxin and scyllatoxin which makes this scorpion one of the most dangerous in the world. The Sahara is home to 40-plus species of rodents including the jerboa. To keep cool, the jerboa burrows underneath the sand to find more humid soils Gene. N/A. Organism. Cerastes vipera (Sahara sand viper) Status. Reviewed - Annotation score: Annotation score:2 out of 5. The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score cannot be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct. Dwarf Sahara Sand Viper (Cerastes Vipera) עכן קטן Taken August 8th, 2008, Western Negev Desert, Israel. For more pictures & information see the Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel.Contact M