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Construction tools and equipment and their uses PDF

COMMON HAND TOOLS Simultaneous use of hand tools and machines. Machine shop work is usually understood to include all cold metal work in which a portion of the metal is removed, either by power-driven or hand tools, to make the piece of the required shape and size. However, there are some branches of cold metal work, suc COMMON MAINTENANCE TOOLS AND THEIR USES Tools are designed to make a job easier and enable The use of this equipment is mandatory on and construction of an object. It can be said tha The construction equipment industry in India has more than 200 players; however, the top 6 players occupy about 60 per cent of the market. The following are players and their contribution to the Indian construction equipment industry. INdUSTRy STRUcTURE India produces the entire range of construction equipment for different applications Hold tools with the cutting edge toward your body . Use short strokes when cutting . The correct answers are walk and work 10 feet (3 m) apart, hold tools at their balance point, and use short strokes when cutting. Cutting tools . We'll be covering three types of hand tools: cutting tools, scraping tools, and fire swatters. Let's start by. ctep - unit-v - construction equipments pdf 1. construction equipments by k.r.shankar m.e., assistant professor department of civil engineering ebet group of institutions trippur district tamul nadu, india - 638108 email id - krs.civil@ebet.edu.in construction equipments 1 2. classification of construction equipments 1

Home Materials 46+ List of Construction Tools and their Uses. Materials. 46+ List of Construction Tools and their Uses. 1 Min Read. Learning the name of each construction tools used in civil engineering also such a thing. We have listed some of the tools & equipment we mostly used on a daily basis. List of Construction Tools and Pieces of. Non-powered hand tools are widely used in a variety of industries including construction, manufacturing, and agriculture. National data suggests that a large number of injuries known as musculoskeletal disorders are attributable to hand tool use in occupational settings, resulting in unnecessary suffering, lost workdays, and economic costs

[PDF] Construction tools and equipment - their influence

Construction tools list for building construction works such as concrete, brick masonry, leveling, wood works, floor works, slab works, brick laying, plastering etc. is provided. Every construction tool is necessary to achieve good results in the whole project. Along with these. Construction Tools and Their Uses Complete LIST [50+] There is no denying that humans had been using variety of tools and utensils for performance of works swiftly. And it is not the otherwise for the field of construction. Knowing about different construction tools and their uses is essential for any field civil engineer Department of Transportation (WSDOT) desires to improve their knowledge, awareness and retention of rapid pavement construction tools, materials and methods. This project discusses the implementation, use and experience of using the following items related to rapid pavement construction: CA4PRS (Construction use tape measures in lengths of over 100 m (300+ ft). Fig.16 Measuring tape 1.19 Plumb Bobs A plumb-bob or a plummet is a weight, usually with a pointed tip on the bottom, that is suspended from a string and used as a vertical reference line or plumb-line. It is also used in surveying to establish the nadir wit

The Tools You Need CGC does not manufacture or distribute tools or equipment; however, suitably designed tools are essential for high-quality workmanship. Using the right tools for specific jobs can improve efficiency and reduce labor costs. This Chapter contains an extensive sampling of tools If you know some tools or have images that you think might be helpful for all of us, kindly let us know in the comment section. so we can add it here. Let's learn together (Don't forget to share ) Construction tools list with pictures. This list will be updated periodically (periodically) Construction Tools List and their Uses Crawler Excavator. It's a heavy construction equipment used to excavate paved rocks & clay and load onto a dump truck. In fact, it serves many purposes like digging earth, excavating rocks and clay or move rocks or soil from the construction sites. All you need to do is to change the front attachment as per purpose HYDROMATIC TOOLS A drilling rig is a machine that creates holes in the earth sub-surface. Drilling rigs can be massive structures housing equipment used to drill water wells, oil wells, or natural gas extraction wells, or they can be small enough to be moved manually by one person and are called augers

There are several equipment that is been used in the Construction Industry. These are used for both large and small scale purposes. Various types of Equipment are been used for Building & structural Construction, Road construction, underwater and other marine construction work Power projects etc.There are various operations that are involved in construction projects , whether it's a large. precautions applicable to the tools and equipment you operate. For additional information on the topics discussed in this chapter, you are encouraged to study Tools and Their Uses, NAVEDTRA 10085-B2. Because that publication contains a detailed discussion of common tools used by Builders, we will not repeat that information in this chapter

Setting out for Construction Online Course introduction Further training options Equipment and tools list Course handout What Total Station should I hire or buy? Starting at a new site Equipment and tools.pdf Discussio be used; you can use these opportunities to talk about ways to limit exposure. Even changes in the noise level that seem small (e.g., 3 dBA) are actually significant reductions in the noise. Here are some specific ways to limit exposure: • Plan to make or use prefabricated noise barriers. • Ask your employer to buy or rent quieter equipment.

Other Construction Equipment. #1. Earth Moving Equipment. Earthmoving equipment used to carry out various excavation tasks such as digging and moving the earth. Different types of earth-moving equipment have their unique applications and used mainly for repairing, constructing, elevating, agriculture, and demolition LIST OF MAJOR CONSTRUCTION PLANTS & EQUIPMENTS CODE NO. CODE DESCRIPTION EARTH MOVING EQUIPMENT: 0101 Dozer 0102 Wheel Loader 0103 Hydraulic Excavator 0104 Vibratory Compactor ROAD MAKING EQUIPMENT: 0201 Roller 0202 Road Paver 0203 Asphalt Concrete Plant HAULING EQUIPMENT: 0301 Tractors Trailors 0302 Trucks 0303 Tippe • Use appropriate personal protective equipment • Perform maintenance on tools regularly 2. Identify at least two precautions that are essential to safe use of: a. Hand tools Possible responses. • Do not use wrenches if the jaws are sprung • Do not use chisels or wedges if the heads have mushroomed • Do not use tools with loose.

9. Loaders A loader is a heavy equipment machine often used in construction, primarily used to lift material (such as asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, snow, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, and woodchips) into or onto another type of machinery (such as a dump truck, conveyor belt, feed-hopper, or railcar) Reading time: 1 minuteHeavy construction equipment are used for various purposes in large projects. Selection of different types of heavy equipment depends on the size of the work and economy of the project. These make construction process easier and faster. Contents:Types of Heavy Construction Equipment1. Excavators2. Backhoe3. Dragline Excavator4. Bulldozers5. Graders6. Wheel Tractor. We've gathered 19 of the most common types of heavy construction equipment, along with a brief description of their primary uses below. Get to know your options so you can find the piece of equipment that will work best for you and your business. 1. Articulated Trucks. Articulated trucks are ideal for navigating a construction site the appropriate personal protective equipment. All electrical connections for these tools must be suitable for the type of tool and the working conditions (wet, dusty, flammable vapors). When a temporary power source is used for construction a ground-fault circuit interrupter should be used. Employees should be trained in the proper use of all. The size of a mitre saw is determined by the maximum diameter of the blade that it can use. Most mitre saws are 8, 10, or 12 saws. Twelve-inch diameter blades are not as common. The power of the saw is determined by the size of the motor. As portable tools, they must use a 120-volt power source. This limits the power of the saw

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR LAND DEVELOPMENT, TILLAGE AND SEEDBED PREPARATION Land development is the costliest pperation in farming. It involves jungle clearance, soil opening with deep tillage equipment, moving soil from high to low spots, making farm roads, field bunding and levelling .etc. These operations require use of self propelled and heav The subsoiler is a primary tillage tool, used in the fall, that is similar to a chisel plow. It is typically designed to pene-trate 12 to 22 inches deep to alleviate soil compaction. Subsoiling is often used to loosen compacted areas of fields where heavy loads have passed. The amount of distur-bance will depend upon the shape of the shank and.

Construction Carpentry Plumbing | Skills Workshop

of injuries involving hand or power tools. SCOPE . These requirements apply to all University and their employees where the use of departments hand or power tools are in use or will be used. This will most notably apply to employees involved in industrial, maintenance, construction and manual labor trade areas. RESPONSIBILITIE Construction 's) scaffolding, mobile or portable equipment, tools, access ladders or other apparatus, rented or owned, (hereinafter called equipment) is used by the Subcontractor or the Subcontractor's employees, agents and sub-subcontractors for performing their work on the Project, then the Subcontractor agrees to be bound by the following

Ctep - Unit-v - Construction Equipments Pd

Give some examples of PPE they might need to do their job. Personal protective equipment, or PPE, is designed to protect you from hazards found on or off the job. Face shields used in ice hockey and helmets used for biking are examples of PPE; other examples include goggles, safety glasses, foot protection, coveralls, gloves, vests, earplugs, an 1. Bent-Handled Shears-7 to 8 inch long scissors suitable for cutting fabric because the blades rest flat on the cutting surface. 2. Trimming Scissors- 6 inch long scissors used for trimming and clipping seams and for general use. 4. Pinking Shears- cuts a zigzag edge and is used for finishing hem edges, seams, etc

SURVEYING AND MEASURING EQUIPMENT – Bunbury Machinery

Sewing Tools and Equipment Sewing equipment different tools are used in garment construction. The skillful use of the different sewing equipment will help take body measurement and drafting pattern with accuracy and speed. Success in sewing calls for the right tools at the right time. All tools must be appropriate in a prope Download and use 50,000+ construction equipment names and pictures pdf stock photos for free. Thousands of new images every day Completely Free to Use High-quality videos and images from Pexel survey equipment used by the Department's construction/survey personnel, the maintenance and care of the equipment and general procedures for surveys using the equipment. The majority of surveys done by and for the department utilize total stations, Global Positioning System (GPS), engineers levels (optical and digital) and data collectors LIST OF MAJOR CONSTRUCTION PLANTS & EQUIPMENTS CODE NO. CODE DESCRIPTION EARTH MOVING EQUIPMENT: 0101 Dozer 0102 Wheel Loader 0103 Hydraulic Excavator 0104 Vibratory Compactor ROAD MAKING EQUIPMENT: 0201 Roller 0202 Road Paver 0203 Asphalt Concrete Plant HAULING EQUIPMENT: 0301 Tractors Trailors 0302 Trucks 0303 Tippe

46+ List Of Construction Tools And Their Uses - Civil Planet

Construction tools can vary widely depending on the material and supplies necessary to the particular job. Carpentry tools are definitely going to be used throughout most construction jobs and you will want to begin by collecting those tools necessary for measuring, cutting, mixing and laying out foundation material and digging Tools and Equipment used in Setting out a Building. 1.Theodolites. For large complex buildings, theodolites, survey equipment's, are used to mark out building external wall extents. Measuring tape For small scale types of construction, use of long type builder's square , steel measuring tape are sufficient to demarcate the building external [ Chapter 47 Bruch-Cutting Tools Types and Uses - 14256_280 Using the Brush Hook Chapter 48 Timber Handling Tools Types and Uses - 14256_284 Care of Timber Handling Tools How to Choose and Use Them - 14256_287 Types and Uses - 14256_288 Using Climbing Tools Using Climbing Tools - Continued Care of Climbing Tools Chapter 50 Planes Types and Uses.

40+ Construction Tools List with Images for Building

  1. ILO Construction OS&H From the ILO Code of Practice Workers should be required to make proper use of and to take good care of the personal protective equipment and protective clothing provided for their use. Workers should be instructed in the use of personal protective equipment and protective clothing
  2. Construction equipment range from the very heavy equipment to the portable and mobile lighter equipment, some of them with a precise description of their functions are detailed below. Engineering equipment with a front bucket/shovel and a small backhoe in the rear combined with a tractor is known as backhoe loader. It is mostly used in small construction sites and in urban engineering such as.
  3. Employees should be trained in the proper use and handling of tools and equipment. Workers should also be able to recognize the hazards associated with the different types of tools and the safety precautions necessary. Five basic safety rules can help prevent hazards associated with the use of hand and power tools: 1
  4. Stainless steel is the preferred surface for food equipment and is specified in many industry and regulatory design and construction standards. For example, 3-A Sanitary Standards (equipment standards used for milk and milk products applications) specify 300 series stainless steel or equivalent. Other grades of stainless steel may be appropriat
  5. • The usage of tools among human beings runs back to millions of years. However, the use of equipment is more of a recent development. • Tools are often seen to be used by animals as well. Equipment is only used by human beings. • Tools are usually multipurpose. Equipment is designed for a specific task
  6. e the speed in construction which is very important for any construction project
  7. Carpentry Tools and Their Uses - Introduction. There is a famous saying, Perfect carpentry is like an illusion. So please allow us to turn your illusion into perfection by bringing to you the most required details you are looking for in the carpentry field

Construction Tools and Their Uses Complete LIST [50

Along with standard tools used in electrical work, many professionals are also reliant on certain construction power tools, such as drilling machines. One thing that works in the favor of most electrical professionals is these tools getting lighter and smaller, while at the same time, increasing in power Vibratory plate compactor is used for compacting different types of soils in narrow and conjusted area where it is not possible to use large equipment. The selection of compaction equipment for building projects depend upon the nature of the mechanical, job size, distance, method of disposal, and construction time assigned, volume and depth of. Through a series of activities, students discover that the concept of mechanical advantage describes reality fairly well. They act as engineers creating a design for a ramp at a construction site by measuring four different inclined planes and calculating the ideal mechanical advantage versus the actual mechanical advantage of each. Then, they use their analysis to make recommendations for the. Sun LabTek Equipments (I) Pvt. Ltd. is manufacturing, supplying, exporting and providing solutions to quality testing laboratory equipment, specially in Civil engineering building and construction materials testing lab, Bitumen and asphalt Testing lab Equipments and machines, highway engineering lab equipment or Transportation Engineering Lab Equipment, Soil testing Lab equipment and machines. For this mobile crane rentals or other tools are used. Common lifting equipment used in construction Tower Cranes. Cranes of various types are used. Tower cranes are one of them. Crane for rent are available nowadays everywhere. What makes tower cranes so popular and useful in lifting is their ability and capacity to reach greater heights

Here are the essential bar tools and equipment you should get, along with their uses. The first cocktails were most likely enjoyed by British navy sailors, and pirates during the 1500s and they consisted of a rough moonshine rum that was mixed with citrus fruit, sugar, tea and other spices to enhance (mostly dull the flavor) of the rum They are at their most advantageous in wide, open areas. By contrast, total stations can measure and stakeout where GPS cannot be used: underground, to points under trees and bushes, in city canyons, on construction sites where there are large obstructions. Total stations and GPS RTK equipment each have their advantages Use of Tools and Equipment for Bricklaying In this unit you will learn how to: 1. Identify commonly used materials in the workshop. 1.1. Identify five materials from a given range, for example, bricks (various), blocks (various), cement (masonry, port-land), hydrated lime, mortar plasticiser. 2. Stack and store materials. 2.1. Handle materials. Light equipment describes construction equipment not typically thought of as mobile equipment or heavy equipment, such as light towers, wood chippers, generators, and air compressors. These types of construction tools support operations on a job site. Doosan Portable Power Evolution Air Compressors Wrenches are used for turning bolts, nuts, pipes, etc. There are a large number of wrenches available which derive their names from their characteristic shape, form the object they are used to turn or from their construction. Few examples include the alligator wrench, the spin spanner, the face spanner, the double head set and more

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Construction equipment, often referred to as heavy construction equipment, are heavy duty machines that undertake earthwork and other massive operations at a construction site. There are many types of construction equipment used in projects of every magnitude - from residential home construction to large-scale commercial and infrastructure. What equipment is used for road construction? Here are seven powerful equipment used in road construction: 1.) Motor Grader. Commonly referred to as road grader or maintainer, motor grader is an equipment used to create flat surfaces for asphalt to be placed on Common models consist of three axles, with the engine and cab above the rear axles at the back end of the vehicle and a third axle at.

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Construction Tools List and their Uses - Civilolog

Construction Tools + Equipment For Any Size Construction Site. Find the construction tools and equipment you need for small to large projects. A go-to place for scaffolding, compaction equipment, cement mixers, and more.Let our top brands including NorthStar, Husqvarna, and Ingersoll Rand help you and your team get the job done Drills are electric tools primarily used for drilling holes or driving fasteners. Though it varies in speed, power, and sizes, among its uses are in wood and metal works, machine tool fabrication, construction, and utility projects. Hand-operated and cordless battery-powered types are both available in the market

In this article, we are going to discuss important Maths tools which are used in Geometry for the construction of different shapes with a complete explanation. Geometric Tools and Their Uses The early geometers studied figures such as points, lines and angles which required the use of rulers and compasses only At their core, excavation projects come down to a company, its personnel, professionalism, and the excavation equipment. That's why it's so vital to have the right tools. In any kind of job or project, having the right tools is essential for success

Best Road Construction Equipments, Tools & their Use

Sewing Tools, Equipment and Supplies. Below you will find a list of essential Sewing Tools, Equipment and Supplies all aiding in helping you Sew like a pro, a brief description is available on how to use them and the types available. For further information some of them are used in the instructional DVD's Concrete construction equipment is very important for the construction companies. With good quality concrete construction equipment, a construction company can get quality construction work done in lesser amount of time.It can therefore cut down on its labor costs and increase profits by giving the quality construction services to its clients in a faster way TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT THEORY Specific Objectives. By the end of the module unit the trainee should be able to: state types of construction equipment explain the use of construction equipment Content. Types of equipment. piling equipment Uses of construction equipment. pumps percusion hammers stone crusher Competences. Ability to Heavy equipment or heavy machinery refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for executing construction tasks, most frequently ones involving earthwork operations or other large construction tasks. Heavy equipment usually comprises five equipment systems: implementation, traction, structure, power train, control and information.. Heavy equipment has been used since at least the 1st. Tools and equipment will be in a good state of repair, safe to use, and be used in the manner in which they were intended. Tools and equipment that cost at least $2,000 new and which are used in direct support of changed work and are not covered by unit pricing, shall be leased at the lowest rental rate (hourly, daily, weekly or monthly) consistent with the length of time the tools or.

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Resultado de imagen para tools for mechanic and their uses. Engineering Tools Mechanical Engineering Engineering Technology Diy Tools Hand Tools Homemade Tools Best Random Orbital Sander Screws And Bolts Tools Hardware. Resultado de imagen para tools for mechanic and their uses Marking Tools used in Fitting Workshop: Marking Tools are used to mark any dimensions on the surface of a workpiece. Marking Tools can vary w.r.t. the specimens used in the workshop and that you will see in the engineering workshop. They are 3 types of Marking tools used in the fitting workshop and are as follows Construction is an often hazardous, predominantly land-based activity where site workers may be exposed to various risks. Site risks can include working at height, moving machinery (vehicles, cranes, etc) and materials, power tools and electrical equipment, hazardous substances, plus the effects of excessive noise, dust and vibration In addition, you could use plastic storage bins that hang from a rack or fit on a shelf. Tools. Now that you have a good workspace set up, it's time to stock it with the proper tools and equipment. This isn't a complete list but it does highlight the most common items used in electronics. Breadboar

ter 3 Food and beverage service areas and equipment Examples of sideboards The actual lay-up of a sideboard depends on its construction (the number of shelves and drawers for tableware, etc.) and on the type of menu and service offered. The lay-up of the sideboard will vary according to the needs and style of service and presentation of th equipment used by contractors on the CA/T Project. When measured in the field, some equipment such as pile drivers, sand blasting, demolition shears, and pumps tended to exceed their applicable emission limit. As such, these noisy devices needed to have some form of noise mitigation in place in order to comply with the Spec emission limits

(PDF) ADVANCED BUILDING CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT Lorenz

To assist the construction industry in working safely and complying with title 8 regulations, the Cal/OSHA Publications Unit has updated this Pocket Guide. This guide is intended to be used as a reference for workers, employers, supervisors, job stewards, safety personnel, and others. This Pocket Guide upgrading their farm buildings, especially their barns, a different technology had to employed. Timber frame construction was that choice. In this procedure long squared logs were lifted to form a large frame system joined by mortise and tenons and secured with wooden pegs. The technique was used wherever a large barn was required This publication is designed for building construction contractors, subcontractors, and restaurant equipment contractors. It provides basic information on the California Sales and Use Tax Law and applicable regulations. If you cannot find the information you are looking for in this publication, please visit our website at . www.cdtfa.ca.go 18, are based on land use and time of day and are given in terms of Leq for an 8-hour work shift. TABLE 5-17 TYPICAL NOISE LEVELS OF CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT Equipment Type Typical Sound Level at 50 ft (dBA) Backhoe 80 Bulldozer 85 Compactor 82 Compressor 81 Concrete Mixer 85 Concrete Pump 82 Crane, Derrick 88 Crane, Mobile 83 Loader 85 Pavement. for equipment, tools and machinery before repairing or servicing. q Use ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) on all power tools and equipment that are not double-insulated. q Inspect tools, cords, etc. to ensure they are in good condition before each use. q Use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) including

Type of Equipment use in construction - Basic Civil

Tools and Techniques 42-1 CHAPTER 42 FORMWORK 42 To be done safely, each of these jobs requires FORMWORK Definitions The following definitions are used in the forming industry. Some terms may be used by other trades as well, but their meanings may be different from these depending upon the application. Falsework, in relation to a form or. Piles may be classified on the basis of their use or the materials from which they are made. On the basis of use there are two major classifications, Sheet Piles and Load-Bearing Piles. 9.2.1. Sheet Piles: Sheet piling is used primarily to resist the flow of water and loose soil Portable tools are used intensively on construction sites, so that the workers are constantly exposed to hazards. i associated with their use. According to a survey, non-powered hand tool injury rates were second highest in construction, outranked only by agriculture

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Equipment and tools list Setting Out for Constructio

Employee Record Templates. Managing employee information is important, but it's easy to get lost in the paperwork. Better organize your HR department and save time with JotForm! Simply match your online form to one of our Employee Record PDF Templates to digitally collect employee information, time off requests, staff evaluations, and more Machine tools, used for shaping materials into components by cutting, boring, grinding, and so on. Tools may by general tools such as shovels and hammers, or specialist tools such electrical tools or measuring devices. Some tools are multi-functional. Construction tools are generally re-useable, and so as well as being purchased new, they may. Every construction project has a perfect set of machinery to get the job done. Getting the right equipment for each project helps with efficiency, safety and build quality. Because of this, it's essential to be on the same page with your team when it comes to choosing equipment. Some machines have multiple uses, while others are task-specific

This is why plastics find their place in most construction projects these days, depending on the application they may be needed for. 15. Foam. Foamed plastic was generally used as an insulator in construction. Some homes use it in between wooden or cement walls or on top of their ceiling to maintain warmth or coolness inside the structure While many construction innovations are project-specific, research on the broader issues of enhancing construction productivity, for example with computer-aided tools and equipment or new construction materials, could yield substantial returns to the industry and to infrastructure performance

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An excavator's design allows the construction equipment to be used for many versatile purposes. Hydraulic cylinders, booms, arms, and attachments provide digging and holding functionalities, while a house-like cab provides the driver with controls to direct the excavator Construction Tools for Finishing Concrete. Trowels Trowels also help smooth concrete surfaces for their finish coats before being left to dry. Hand-troweling is common for smaller slabs, or power trowels are often preferred for large slabs. There are varying types of trowels for specific concrete work. Float Blades and Troweling Blade The construction site is characterized by a high level of activity as men and equipment move materials, tools, and design information from one place to another. A certain degree of inefficiency is normal, depending on the size and complexity of the project, the constraints of procedures, and the degree and effectiveness of detail planning and.

Bar Spoon (with Fork) - The bartender's buddy, the bar spoon, is a much-needed accessory for any bartender who serves more than just beer. A long spoon for mixing and tasting and a useful little fork on the other end. Muddler - A muddler is used to muddle - or mash up - ingredients to release their oils and flavors Setting Up Shop. Some tools are so fundamental to the roofing industry that they should be included in every roof contractor's inventory. Following is a roofing tools list of basic equipment, commercial roofing tools, and the special items required to perform certain tasks For every construction activity, there is always an optimal combination of tools, equipment and labour. According to 'IS 1661: 1972 ' (Code of Practice for Application of Cement and Cement-Lime Plaster Finishes), all tools shall be cleaned by scraping and washing at the end of each day's work, or after use with different materials It is usually used for clearing vegetation, cutting tall weeds and grasses, and for chopping branches of trees. Read also. 20 most common lab equipment names, pictures and their uses. 2. Crowbar. Image: flickr.com, @rdvortex. Source: UGC. Also called a wrecking bar, a crowbar is mainly used for digging holes The engineering and construction (E&C) industry is at the cusp of a new era, with technology start-ups creating new applications and tools that are changing how companies design, plan, and execute projects. By providing advanced software, construction-focused hardware, and analytics capabilities, these innovative start-ups are eliminating many of the problems that have dogged the E&C sector.