OCT floor effect in glaucoma

In retinal imaging, the floor effect is defined as the point at which no further structural damage can be measured. Bowd et al. sought to identify an anatomic structure that did not thin to its measurement floor in patients with glaucoma The RTVue OCT provides the GCC map with additional parameters such as GLV (global loss volume) and FLV (focal loss volume), which can detect structural progression in early glaucoma. Artifacts can also occur with macular OCT scans, similar to RNFL OCT. One common artifact is segmentation errors Conclusions: In late-stage glaucoma, particularly when VF MD is worse than -14 dB, OCTA-measured pfVD is a promising tool for monitoring progression because it does not have a detectable measurement floor. However, the number of steps within the dynamic range of a parameter also needs to be considered Both the inclusion of BVs and segmentation failure could contribute to floor effect of OCT RNFL measurement. The impact of BVs on RNFL measurement is more substantive in advanced glaucoma when the RNFL is thin. Enhancement of RNFL segmentation algorithm with removal of BVs may improve the detection of progressive RNFL changes

Studies with time-domain OCT, the Stratus, found the floor was an average RNFL thickness of 45 µm. So, if you're following someone with glaucoma and the RNFL reaches 45 µm, even though the patient can still see, this means the average RNFL measurement is no longer useful Overall, OCTA has good repeatability and reproducibility, and can differentiate glaucoma eyes from normal eyes. It can also help detect early glaucoma, reach a floor effect at a more advanced disease stage than optical coherence tomography (OCT), and adds information about glaucoma patients at risk of progression Floor Effect In early to moderate glaucoma, progressive thinning of RNFL thickness measured by SD-OCT is a very useful tool to judge progression of disease. At advanced stages however, SD-OCT is less clinically useful due to a floor effect of RNFL thickness

One of our first OCTA studies showed that vascular density in a group of glaucoma patients with a single hemifield was reduced in perimetrically intact hemiretina of these eyes.9In another study,6we measured the vascular densities in the macula and the peripapillary area in eyes with unilateral glaucoma and demonstrated that OCTA measurements detect changes in retinal microvasculature before visual field damage in unaffected eyes The features seen with OCTA in eyes with glaucoma are reduction in the superficial vessel density in the peripapillary and macular areas, and complete loss of choriocapillaris in localized regions of parapapillary atrophy (called deep-layer microvascular dropout) The floor effect must be considered when monitoring and interpreting anatomical changes in glaucoma using OCT. Several research groups 13 23-30 have investigated the nature of floor effects in OCT parameters

8 Foods to Heal Glaucoma - New 2020 Glaucoma Treatmen

With OCT, however, we can measure ganglion cell loss and RNFL thinning. The advent of SD-OCT made it possible to broadly sweep the entire posterior pole to map losses caused by glaucoma. Those losses are detectable by pattern recognition, specifically an arcuate shaped loss of thickness of the retina, Dr. Asrani explained In advanced glaucoma, clinicians need to beware of the floor effect, which occurs when OCT technology ceases to detect further change in RNFL thickness at the nerve head, which occurs when readings approach 40-50 microns. 30,31 In this case, RNFL OCT at the nerve is no longer helpful Floor Effect • In early to moderate glaucoma, progressive thinning of RNFL thickness measured by SD-OCT is a very useful tool to judge progression of disease. • At advanced stages however, SD-OCT is less clinically useful due to a floor effect of RNFL thickness In contrast, patients with moderate to advanced glaucoma may show higher test-retest variability, and the floor effect more likely would play a greater role in limiting the ability to detect OCT progression in these patients with advanced glaucoma. 9 The ability to detect progression among the various methods may vary depending on the.

Macular ganglion cell layer imaging in preperimetric glaucoma with speckle noise-reduced spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology 118 , 2414-2426 (2011). Article Google Schola SD-OCT measurements of the tissue thicknesses are not useful for determining the stage of glaucoma because of the 'floor effect', i.e., the RNFLT has a lower limit after which no additional.. Furthermore, glaucoma research shows that OCTA has a lower floor-effect compared with OCT, being able to pick up further damage in a severely structurally atrophied retina (23-26). If research in neuroinflammatory disease could identify a similar effect, OCTA vascular densities may be more suitable outcome measures in clinical trials.

Estimating OCT Structural Measurement Floors to Detect

Since the mid-19th century, it has been recognized that changes in the optic nerve appearance correlate with vision and visual field loss in glaucoma. Although there have been variations in the definition of glaucoma over time, increased attention to the structure and appearance of the optic nerve has been a hallmark in understanding glaucoma This notion, strongly pivoted on the presence of 'floor effect' in RNFL measurement, has been strengthened by recent studies, in which OCT outperformed perimetry in detecting progression among early glaucoma eyes. Although both assessments are capable of detecting progression in patients with different baseline clinical signs, the. We aimed to describe the global and localized correlations among visual field (VF) sensitivity, optic nerve head (ONH) perfusion measured by laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) and neural structure measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in open‐angle glaucoma (OAG) and to compare the floor effect for LSFG and OCT Our case shows that PcVD progression can be measured in advanced glaucoma, that PcVD can show floor effect, and that it may indicate glaucomatous progression when the spatially corresponding RNFLT and visual field cluster defect do not show progression due to floor effect However, OCT has a major deficiency; namely, the floor effect (no further structural loss can be detected) in measuring the retinal nerve fiber layer. Moreover, OCT measures both sick or dysfunctional and healthy retinal ganglion cells and their axons, which is misleading in glaucoma assessment

Monitoring Glaucoma Progression with OC

  1. We aimed to describe the global and localized correlations among visual field (VF) sensitivity, optic nerve head (ONH) perfusion measured by laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) and neural structure measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and to compare the floor effect for LSFG and OCT
  2. Figure. Advanced glaucoma in a patient's right eye. The visual field shows almost complete loss of her inferior hemifield (A). The thickness of the corresponding spectral domain optical coherence tomography retinal nerve fiber layer (SD-OCT RNFL) has reached a floor at approximately 40 to 50 μm
  3. Acute angle-closure glaucoma. Severe headache. Eye pain. Nausea and vomiting. Blurred vision. Halos around lights. Eye redness. If left untreated, glaucoma will eventually cause blindness. Even with treatment, about 15 percent of people with glaucoma become blind in at least one eye within 20 years
  4. Glaucoma can cause the cup to enlarge (actually little nerve fibers are being wiped out along the rim of the optic nerve in glaucoma). Some doctors refer to an enlarged cup/disc ratio as cupping or a cupped nerve. Glaucoma typically causes the cup to get bigger in a vertical oval type pattern. To discern whether a large cup is glaucomatous or.
  5. imum practical measurement (a so-called floor effect) that restricts its usefulness for detecting disease progression beyond this point.11, 12.

Measurement Floors and Dynamic Ranges of OCT and OCT

  1. Background/Aims. To investigate the patterns of retinal ganglion cell damage at different stages of glaucoma, using the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macula ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thicknesses. Methods . In 296 eyes of 296 glaucoma patients and 55 eyes of 55 healthy controls, the correlations of mean deviation (MD) with the superior and inferior.
  2. These changes, however, are not proportional as there appears to be a floor effect around 50 µm where progression of glaucoma is occurring but changes in RNFL are not seen
  3. Perimetry, however, is influenced by several biological factors which are not related to glaucoma, and the use of retinal thinning is limited by floor effect. Therefore, clinical application of optical retinal coherence tomography angiography, a new and rapidly developing non-invasive measurement of the capillary perfusion in the various.
  4. The preference of SAP over OCT is often explained by the presence of a floor effect in RNFLT measurement with OCT [38, 51], a range beyond which no useful change in thickness can be detected. Recent studies, however, showed that whereas OCT was more sensitive for detecting progression in early glaucoma, its performance may not be significantly.
  5. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Authors concluded that a significant percentage of SD-OCT-measured retinal tissue is spared from the measurement floor in advanced glaucoma eyes. In addition, progressive thinning of the spared tissue is observable well into late-stage disease, particularly when GC-IPLT is the structural parameter measured.

Optical Coherence Tomography. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique which utilizes the concepts of interferometry as described by Albert Abraham Michelson. The device he designed, later known as an interferometer, sent a single source of white light through a half-silvered mirror that was used to split it into two beams travelling at right angles to one another independent of intraocular pressure (IOP)-based outcomes. In diagnosing early glaucoma, optic nerve imaging can identify changes that precede the development of visual field defects. However,in more advanced glaucoma, a floor effectis reached and this imaging is no longer effectiveat identifying disease progression The OCT allows us to diagnose and manage various eye problems like glaucoma and macular degeneration with greater accuracy and sensitivity. - Dr. Dan Siapco Another way to think of OCT is that it functions like an ultrasound, except it uses light* - instead of sound waves - to map the shape of the retina and optic nerve A more pronounced floor-effect emerged in glaucoma and AMD eyes at higher frequencies, which may represent the effects of early retinal or ganglion cell defects on the loss of CS. It is critical to know if the patients are affected by glaucoma, cataracts, or AMD in their daily lives when considering treatment options

If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, you will be forming a lifelong relationship with your ophthalmologist. During these visits, in addition to an eye exam, you may undergo field of vision testing and/or an imaging test of your optic nerve (OCT, short for Optical Coherence Tomography). The field of vision test provides critical information to. As for glaucoma, Robert Ritch, MD, at New York Eye & Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai in New York City, tells his patients, It's simple. If it's good for your heart, it's good for glaucoma. If it's good for your brain, it's good for glaucoma.. Dr. Ritch advises 45 minutes of aero­bic exercise three to four times a week When OCT test results show that the optic nerve is thinning, this is a symptom of glaucoma. In addition to glaucoma, OCT is useful in diagnosing other eye conditions such as diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration. Tonometry. Tonometry is a test used to measure pressure inside the eyes. The test requires eye drops that. The effects of ocular surface disease on optical coherence tomography test results in patients with glaucoma Özgün Oktay, Özer Dursun, and Ayça Yılmaz European Journal of Ophthalmology 0 10.1177/112067212199139 In this article, we will discuss the key points in using OCT to detect glaucoma progression: where to look for progression, scan quality, floor effect, age-related loss, intervisit reproducibility, event- and trend-based progression analyses as well as guided progression analysis

• optical coherence tomography (OCT) Hardware and software limitations can impact the reliability of these tests in more advanced cases of glaucoma particularly once the floor effect is reached whereby the ability to discern and measure thickness of the remaining neural tissue limits the ability to detect progression. The use of SCODI in. Innovative Imaging Tools Probe Glaucoma's Effects. OHSU. By: Joan Kahn. January 22, 2020. January 22, 2020. These visible-light OCT images show the inner eye's structures, blood flow and oxygen content of capillaries. Researchers are studying this technology to improve early detection and management of glaucoma (OHSU/Yali Jia, Ph.D. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) has been a beneficial instrument for detecting and monitoring glaucoma. To date, the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) measurement concentric. Purpose . To study the structure-function relationship in glaucoma and healthy patients assessed with Spectralis OCT and Humphrey perimetry using new statistical approaches. Materials and Methods . Eighty-five eyes were prospectively selected and divided into 2 groups: glaucoma (44) and healthy patients (41). Three different statistical approaches were carried out: (1) factor analysis of the. Moghimi S, Bowd C, Zangwill LM, et al. Measurement floors and dynamic ranges of OCT and OCT angiography in glaucoma.  Ophthalmology . 2019;126(7):980-988. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.03.003 PubMed Google Scholar Crossre

Schuman JS. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography for glaucoma (an AOS thesis). Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2008;106:426-458. Mwanza JC, Bhorade AM, Sekhon N, et al. Effect of cataract and its removal on signal strength and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer optical coherence tomography measurements. J Glaucoma. 2011;20(1):37-43 Juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG) is a type of glaucoma that occurs after the age of three or beyond infancy until the age of 40. The prevalence of this type of glaucoma is variable among populations, ranging from 1:250 to 1:1250 [].Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a new, noninvasive modality that allows visualization of the retinal vasculature by detecting motion contrast. Most medical practitioners have regular contact with adults who have one of the two forms of glaucoma: open-angle glaucoma or angle-closure glaucoma. Data from population-based surveys indicate that one in 40 adults older than 40 years has glaucoma with loss of visual function, which equates to 60 million people worldwide being affected and 8·4 million being bilaterally blind Dr. Mona Kaleem. Mona Kaleem, MD is an Associate Professor of Ophthalmology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine's Wilmer Eye Institute. She specializes in glaucoma and cataract surgery. In addition to running a busy clinical and surgical service, she is also a dedicated researcher, educator, and volunteer

Investigation of Floor Effect for OCT RNFL Measurement

What OCT Tells Us About Progressio

Experts worry about the implications of COVID-19 infection on eyes after a patient in China developed glaucoma soon after recovering from the viral disease. October 16, 2020 18th floor, A. The purpose is to assess the diagnostic ability for early glaucoma of macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness in a Chinese population including glaucoma suspects.. A total of 367 eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (168 early glaucoma, 78 moderate glaucoma, and 121 advanced glaucoma), 52 eyes with ocular hypertension (OHT), 59 eyes with enlarged cup-to-disc ratio (C/D. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), GDx Analyzer (short for Glaucoma Diagnosis Analyzer), and the Heidelberg Retinal Tomography (HRT) are currently used in clinical practice. Currently, OCT is the most popular technology used by glaucoma specialists for optic nerve fiber analysis. Both OCT and GDx are available at Glaucoma Associates of Texas Glaucoma is treated by lowering your eye pressure (intraocular pressure). Depending on your situation, your options may include prescription eyedrops, oral medications, laser treatment, surgery or a combination of any of these. Eyedrops. Glaucoma treatment often starts with prescription eyedrops

We estimated the measurement floors for spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) measurements and compared global change over time in advanced glaucoma eyes. Design: Validity study to. Glaucoma is a common eye condition where the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain, becomes damaged. It's usually caused by fluid building up in the front part of the eye, which increases pressure inside the eye. Glaucoma can lead to loss of vision if it's not diagnosed and treated early. It can affect people of all ages, but is most. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) has become an integral part of the clinical evaluation for glaucoma because it can objectively measure the neuroretinal rim, the ganglion cell region, and the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), all of which are known to decrease with glaucoma. 1-12 As optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging can show structural changes years before. The first type of glaucoma is called open-angle glaucoma or wide-angle glaucoma, and it is the most common type of glaucoma. It occurs in a full 90 percent of glaucoma cases. This condition can occur when the mesh-like channel gets blocked, and the fluid, or aqueous humor, is unable to flow through the eye efficiently

Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Glaucoma: A

A regular eye exam is the best way to find glaucoma early. Your doctor will do some or all of these tests: Measure the pressure inside your eye. Test your side vision. Measure the thickness of. Glaucoma Oral. 8-30 mg/kg or 300-900 mg/m 2 daily in 3 divided doses has been used. Open-angle or Secondary Glaucoma Oral Extended-release capsules in children ≥12 years of age: 500 mg twice daily. Acute Angle-closure Glaucoma Oral Extended-release capsules in children ≥12 years of age: 500 mg twice daily. IV 5-10 mg/kg every 6 hours. A patient taking medications to treat glaucoma tells the nurse that she has not experienced any side effects that the nurse listed during teaching. The patient, however, informs the nurse of problem with fatigue, drowsiness, and palpitations since starting the medications. What should the nurse expect as the cause of the patient's symptoms

Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Glaucoma

  1. pathology cannot be captured with conventional SD OCT Invisible OCT scanning light and high imaging speed of 100,000 A Scans/sec reduce effect of eye movements and allows more data to be collected per scan For patients diagnosed or at risk of glaucoma Stage disease if present Assesrisk for progressio
  2. Glaucoma tests. Medicare Part B (Medical Insurance) covers glaucoma tests once every 12 months if you're at high risk for the eye disease glaucoma. You're at high risk if one or more of these applies to you: You have diabetes. You have a family history of glaucoma. You're African American and age 50 or older. You're Hispanic and age 65.
  3. Laser surgery is a treatment to help control glaucoma (glaw-KO-muh). You may need it if your glaucoma medicines are not helping to keep your eye pressure low enough. You may also have it as a first treatment of glaucoma. Glaucoma is an eye disease. A clear fluid flows through passages inside your eye all the time

Potential clinical applications of optical coherence

1 a anatomically narrow angle without glaucoma patient reports mild fatigue (11%) 3 anatomically narrow angle without glaucoma patients report no fatigue (33%) What people are taking for it. Wheelchair (manual) Common symptom. Stress. How bad it is. 0 anatomically narrow angle without glaucoma patients report severe stress (0%) 3 anatomically. Glaucoma has been nicknamed the sneak thief of sight because it often goes undetected and causes irreversible damage to the eye. There are usually no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. Many people have glaucoma but are not aware of it, making it a very scary, silent eye disease An overview of canine glaucoma. May 5, 2020. Ron Ofri, DVM, PhD, DECVO. A veterinary ophthalmologist outlines the classification, diagnosis and treatment of a leading (and painful) cause of blindness in dogs. The definition of glaucoma is changing rapidly as our understanding of the pathogenesis of damage to the retina and optic nerve improves

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve (or retina) and cause vision loss. The most common type is open-angle (wide angle, chronic simple) glaucoma, in which the drainage angle for fluid within the eye remains open, with less common types including closed-angle (narrow angle, acute congestive) glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma ASCRS NEWS JCRS Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery In the journal: October 2020 Visual outcomes of combined cataract and minimally invasive glaucoma surgery Steven Sarkisian Jr., MD, Nathan Radcliffe, MD, Paul Harasymowycz, MD, Steven Vold, MD, Thomas Patrianakos, MD, Amy Zhang, MD, Leon Herndon, MD, Jacob Brubaker, MD, Marlene Moster, MD, for the ASCRS Glaucoma Clinica In this study, the effects of algorithms and covariates in glaucoma diagnosis with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) were explored. One eye each of 36 normal controls and 64 patients with glaucoma had undergone 4.5 mm disc-centred and 6 mm macula-centred OCTA scans in this prospective cross-sectional study

Optical coherence tomography angiography in glaucom

  1. The arrival of the Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) has made a big change in the management and diagnosis of retinal pathologies and glaucoma. The OCT is a non-invasive transpupilar imaging method that produces high-resolution, cross-sectional tomographic images of the retinal tissue that are in good correlation with retinal histology[2,3]
  2. Drug-induced Glaucoma Open-angle Steroid is a group of drugs that may produce IOP elevation by open-angle mechanism. Not all patients taking steroid will develop glaucoma. Risk factors include preexisting primary open-angle glaucoma, a family history of glaucoma, high myopia, diabetes mellitus and young age.3 It has been shown that 18-36
  3. Applying new forms of optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology, such as OCT angiography (OCTA) and anterior segment OCT (AS-OCT), to better diagnose and manage patients with different forms of glaucoma. Development of novel intraocular pressure sensors to improve disease diagnosis and patient monitoring
  4. A recent study out of the Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences at the University of Toronto New indicates that glaucoma patients can reduce intraocular pressure by sleeping with their head elevated at a 30-degree angle as opposed to sleeping with their heads flat on a mattress. This resulted in a 20% lower IOP. Study Continue reading Sleep Position Can Improve Eye Pressure in.

Early-onset glaucoma can have different inheritance patterns. Primary congenital glaucoma is usually inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, which means both copies of the gene in each cell have mutations.Most often, the parents of an individual with an autosomal recessive condition each carry one copy of the mutated gene, but do not show signs and symptoms of the condition Determining the impact of glaucoma on visual processing in retinal circuits. Developing new imaging technologies such as optical coherence tomography angiography to improve clinical diagnosis and monitoring of glaucoma; Improving delivery of glaucoma care by developing remote glaucoma management systems through established community health centers Effect of Scan Size on Glaucoma Diagnostic Performance using OCT Angiography En Face Images of the Radial Peripapillary Capillaries. J Glaucoma. 2019 Feb 15. doi: 10.1097/IJG.0000000000001216. [Epub ahead of print

Thinning rates of retinal nerve layer and ganglion cell

Glaucoma Progression - American Academy of Ophthalmolog

  1. Lighting is the most essential element for vision. Without light, we cannot see. Conversely, too much light causes glare and eye discomfort. People with macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, and other vision conditions require specific levels and colors of light to maximize their vision
  2. BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- The National Eye Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, projects the number of Americans affected by glaucoma will more than double between 2010 and 2050, from 2.7 million to 6.3 million.. Glaucoma causes blindness by damaging cells in the retina, which transforms light into electrical impulses and transmits them to the brain
  3. Eye drops for glaucoma. Eye drops are still essential in treating most patients with glaucoma. Glaucoma is a disease that damages the optic nerve as a result of increased pressure in the eye. Glaucoma can lead to severe vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma eye drops function to preserve your vision and reduce vision loss
  4. istrator Starleatha Pollard (904) 244-9394 Starleatha.Pollard@jax.ufl.edu See all clinical trials by Darrell WuDun
  5. g experience. Glaucoma is one of the most common eye problems in adults, and open-angle glaucoma has no symptoms. On the other hand, acute-angle glaucoma has symptoms of a sudden change in vision in one eye or peripheral but progresses more rapidly. Eye drops are the most popular choice among the list of medication for glaucoma.
  6. or injuries since it's affected the brain and spinal cord.. Simple slip and fall accidents can also result in.
  7. The most common side effect involving the eyes reported in patients using DURYSTA ™ was eye redness. Other common side effects reported were: feeling like something is in your eye, eye pain, being sensitive to light, a blood spot on the white of your eye, dry eye, eye irritation, increased eye pressure, a loss of cells on the inner layer of the cornea, blurry vision, inflammation of the iris.

Seven Ways Glaucoma Care is Changing - Review of Optometr

Sample Size Requirements of Glaucoma Clinical Trials When

Glaucoma is a disease affecting the optic nerve and can result in permanent, irreversible vision loss. While most cases of glaucoma are associated with higher than average eye pressures, normal-tension glaucoma (and low-tension glaucoma) is a unique condition in which glaucomatous optic nerve damage (optic neuropathy) occurs despite an average or below average eye pressure Some adverse effects of pseudoephedrine that typically do not need medical attention and that may subside during use include nervousness, restlessness, and trouble sleeping. Less common are dysuria, syncope, tachycardia, palpitations, headache, nausea and vomiting, trembling, and weakness. 3. DISEASE INTERACTIONS Purpose: To assess methods for and variations in identifying the scleral spur (SS) position in anterior segment optical coherence tomography. Methods: In images of 51 eyes (patients) with open and closed anterior chamber angles, we compared the success rate and the variability of 3 approaches for identifying the SS: the ciliary muscle (CM), bump, and Schwalbe line (SL) methods using mixed.

Role of oct in glaucoma - SlideShar

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy associated with a loss of retinal ganglion cells and their axons. The anterior chamber angle is open and there is no secondary cause for the optic nerve damage, e.g. steroid glaucoma, pseudoexfoliative or pigmentary glaucoma. Affects 1-2% of the white population of the UK aged over. Here is a simple protocol on how to prevent glaucoma naturally you can try: Bilberry (160 mg twice a day) — contains flavonoids that can improve eye function and blood flow. Astaxanthin (2 mg once a day) — has carotenoid that can help reduce retinal damage. Fish Oil (1 g once a day) — can help lower intraocular pressure Glaucoma. Glaucoma is an eye condition where your optic nerve is damaged by the pressure of the fluid inside your eye. This may be because your eye pressure is higher than normal, or because of a weakness to your optic nerve. Your eye needs a certain amount of pressure to keep the eyeball healthy and in the right shape The XEN glaucoma implant is a tiny, soft, flexible tube. It is designed to sit in your eye, to help relieve high eye pressure. It is suitable for people with open angle glaucoma whose eye pressure is higher than it should be, despite using glaucoma eye drops. XEN is sometimes called the XEN implant, the XEN gel implant or the XEN stent The Octopus 600 performs standard white-on-white threshold testing in just 2-4 minutes in the central visual field. With its comprehensive test library for central tests including G, 32, 30-2, 24-2, M, and 10-2 and its flexible printouts both in Octopus and HFA-format it covers your essential clinical needs. Standard test library Secondary glaucoma is often a side effect of injury or another eye condition, such as cataracts or eye tumors. Medicines, such as corticosteroids, may also cause this type of glaucoma. Rarely, eye.